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نگاهی به همگرایی استراتژیک انگلیس و عربستان

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   تصویری باموضوع استراتژی های انگلیس وعربستان

در متن زیر سند منتشرشده از سوی کمیته سیاست خارجی مجلس انگلیس(House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee) درباره نگاه سیاست گزاران انگلیسی به رابطه انگلیس با عربستان، بررسی‌شده است. درک موضع رسمی دستگاه سیاست خارجی انگلیس ما را به سیاست‌های خبری بی‌بی‌سی فارسی راهنمایی می‌کند.
سند منتشرشده در رابطه با ارتباط دیپلماتیک انگلیس و عربستان از سوی نهاد سیاست‌گذار روابط خارجی انگلیس(House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee) گزارش 15 ام تحت عنوان
" The UK's relations with Saudi Arabia and Bahrain "
به‌روشنی روابط استراتژیک عربستان و انگلیس را آشکار می‌کند:
The Government is correct to seek to strengthen its diplomatic relationship with Saudi Arabia, which is important to the UK’s defense, security and commercial interests. Despite some efforts by the UK to establish a ‘strategic partnership’, official arrangements for a UK-Saudi annual dialogue have lapsed since 2011, for reasons largely outside the Government’s control. There is value in such structured relations and the UK should continue to pursue a formal dialogue arrangement with Saudi Arabia.
در فصل سوم این متن 258 صفحه‌ای ، ذیل عنوان روابط دوجانبه با عربستان سعودی (Bilateral relations with Saudi Arabia) موارد زیر مطرح‌شده است:
• Historical ties
• UK-Saudi diplomatic relationship today
• Shared interests
• Pursuing a ‘strategic partnership’ with Saudi Arabia
• People to people contacts and public opinion
• Engaging with the Saudi public
• Economic and commercial relations
• Saudi economy
• UK-Saudi trade and commercial relations
• Barriers to trade: visas
• Defense sales to Saudi Arabia
• Defense and security cooperation
• Counter-Terrorism
• Saudi Arabia as a foreign policy partner
• Diplomatic capacity
• Regional influence: a force for moderation?
• Shared interests
• Reform and human rights in Saudi Arabia: current situation
• Political reform
• Human rights
• Is Saudi Arabia reforming?
• How effectively is the UK supporting reform and human rights in Saudi Arabia?
• Strategy of engagement
اما آنچه در اینجا موردبررسی قرار می‌گیرد منافع مشترک انگلیس و عربستان است(Shared interests):
The current UK-Saudi relationship is based on these historical ties as well as a continued sense of common interests in defense, security, and trade. These shared interests continue to be important in the 21st century, with ongoing co-operation with Saudi Arabia on some of the UK’s greatest security concerns, including Al Qaeda, Iran and, most recently, Syria. The Government told us of Saudi Arabia’s importance across a wide range of areas, including as: a regional influence, a global religious influence, a key counter-terrorism partner, a key player in global energy markets, a major market for British goods and services and a country visited by tens of thousands of Britons every year.
In 2011 the Foreign Secretary affirmed the Government’s commitment to building on the UK’s historical relationship and continuing to develop its relationship with Saudi Arabia:
Britain’s links with the Kingdom are deep and long-standing and extend from inter-governmental relations to the rich network of links between our people. It is vital that we continue to develop our relations across the board.
Sir Tom Phillips, UK Ambassador to Saudi Arabia between 2010 and 2012, endorsed this policy, describing how the UK had “extensive interests at stake” in Saudi Arabia, which is a “long standing ally and key partner in a complex and volatile region.”
Pursuing a ‘strategic partnership’ with Saudi Arabia
The Government has committed itself to strengthening the UK-Saudi relationship, within the overarching framework of the Gulf Initiative. As part of this, in July 2011 the Government announced its intention to upgrade its annual Two Kingdoms Dialogue with Saudi Arabia to a “full Strategic Partnership” before the end of that year. The Foreign Secretary said that the establishment of a ‘Strategic Partnership’ between the UK and Saudi Arabia: will enable greater engagement between our two Kingdoms and formally put our relationship on a par with that between Britain and other major global partners. At a moment of unprecedented change, this is more important than ever.
The Government does not publish a list of countries with which it has a ‘strategic partnership’ and there is no fixed template for the form a UK bilateral ‘strategic partnership’ might take. It is, therefore, arguably something of a re-branding exercise in the same vein as the Gulf Initiative referred to in paragraph 14. However, Sir Tom Phillips, Ambassador to Saudi Arabia in 2011, explained that the UK had proposed the new partnership because “we wanted to send a signal of the importance that we attached to that huge spread of UK interests that was at stake”.
Under the Gulf Initiative, the Government has since 2010 established formal dialogues with other states in the Gulf, including the UAE, Oman, Kuwait and Bahrain.
Since 2011, and despite two visits to Saudi Arabia by the Prime Minister in 2012, the UK has neither signed an agreement for a new ‘Strategic Partnership’ with Saudi Arabia nor held another meeting of the Two Kingdoms Dialogue. When he appeared before this inquiry, then Minister with responsibility for the Middle East and North Africa, Alistair Burt, confirmed that the Two Kingdoms dialogue had not been rekindled, for “all sorts of reasons”, noting that the first two years of UK-Saudi relations under the current government had been “slightly difficult because of illnesses and ill health in Saudi Arabia”.
He told us that the proposal was still on the table and that the UK Government would like to pursue the idea of a strategic dialogue to help to give “a bit of extra structure”, however, he emphasized that its lapse “has not got in the way of relationships or anything else up to now.”
Our witnesses endorsed the Government’s account. Sir Tom Phillips told us that the
UK has “a very intensive dialogue with the Saudis already at ministerial and lower level. In some ways, [securing a structured dialogue] is recognizing the reality of what goes on anyway.”
Sir David Wootton, former Mayor of London, agreed that the lapse of the dialogue was for “reasons not applicable to the British side” and said: Lots of business and visits have been going on meanwhile, but the time will, at some stage, be right for a revivification of the formal structure. It is work in progress, but meanwhile a lot of good things are going on.

The UK-Saudi relationship continues to be important for the UK. We have no reason to suspect that the failure so far to establish a formal ‘Strategic Partnership’ indicates that the friendship between the UK and Saudi Arabia has suffered.
با عنایت به موارد بالا، جانب‌داری تلویحی بی‌بی‌سی فارسی از عربستان در تقابل این کشور با ایران، چندان غیرمنتظره نخواهد بود. مشاهده نظرات

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